Herbs are a great way to flavor almost any food dish, but buying them at the store can be expensive. A more cost effective option is to grow and dry your own herbs. It can also be fun, especially if you have children who can help.
Fresh herbs have a benefit over the dried ones you buy in the store. If you have a sunny spot and some good soil, you can grow your own herbs at home. Choose the ones that you use most to season food and grow them in small planters.
When growing herbs, treat them like any other plant. Pruning and cutting back the leaves brings even more leaves. As you cut and use fresh basil, oregano, rosemary, and thyme, they will continue to grow. They might even grow faster than you can use them, so you’ll have some to with friends and neighbors.
You can also dry all of your excess fresh herbs. Dried fresh herbs lose their moisture, but still retain the entire flavor of a fresh plant. You’ll now have herbs to last for months.
Begin with your equipment. You’ll need a place to dry them. You can use wooden or wire racks. Gather together a colander, some cheesecloth, paper towels, and some string.
All herbs to be dried should be washed and rinsed in cold water. A colander is perfect because the water can drain out the bottom. Use paper towels to pat each leaf and stalk until dry of any visible moisture. Use cheesecloth to cover herbs on a cooling rack if you plan on letting them dry outside.
Herbs can be dried in many ways. If you only want the leaves, remove the stalk and lay the leaves on a drying rack. Herbs can also be dried in bunches. Tie them with string at the stalks and hang them upside down on a nail to air dry.
Use the oven for faster drying. The temperature should remain low (around 120 degrees). Gently touch the leaves every half hour to test for dryness. The microwave oven is an alternative, but you will have to be careful not to shrivel them up.
Dried herbs will keep for about six months. After that, the flavor begins to wane. Herbs should be stored in Mason jars or plastic containers, just be sure to label them so you know which herb is which. In order to keep the herbs dry and avoid molding during storage, seal the containers air tight.